比较句构

第十章 比较句构

第三节 其他有关 as / than 的重要用法

3)  not so much + | 介词词组  | + as +

不定词词组

   |介词词组  |

不定词词组

Success lies not so much in luck as in hard work.        介词词组

介词词组

=   Success lies more in hard work than (in) luck.

与其说成功在于运气,不如说在于辛勤努力。

Our success was attributed not so much to your help as to our cooperation.

 介词词组     介词词组

=   Our success was attributed more to our cooperation than to your help.

我们的成功与其说是归功于你的帮忙,不如说是归功于我们的合作。

The purpose of a school education is not so much to teach you things as

介词词组

to teach you the art of learning.

      介词词组

=   The purpose of a school education is to teach you the art of learning more than to just teach you things.

与其说学校教育的目的是教你东西,不如说是教你学习的方法。

4)  not so much + 动词 + as +动词

The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.动词

动词

=   The oceans do not divide the world so much as unite it.

=   The oceans unite the world more than they divide it.

与其说是海洋分割这个世界,不如说是统合这个世界。

b.  not so much as...  甚至都不……

=   not even...

注意

使用本词组时,要置于助动词之后,即:

cannot so much as + 原形动词

甚至……都不能……

do not so much as + 原形动词

甚至……都不……

have not so much as + 过去分词

甚至……都没有……

He cannot so much as write his own name.

=   He cannot even write his own name.

他甚至连自己的名字都不会写。

He did not so much as thank me.

=   He did not even thank me.

他甚至没谢我。

He has not so much as written a single word yet.

=   He has not even written a single word yet.

他甚至连半个字都还没写。

注意

介词 without 之后亦可采用类似词组,即:

   without so much as + V-ing

连……都没有

=   without even + V-ing

   He left without so much as saying

   goodbye.

=   He left without even saying goodbye.

他连一句再见都没说就离开了。

   9.  the + 比较级..., the +比较级...

愈……就愈……

a. 句型分析:

The older he grew, the weaker his memory

            (1)                              (2)

became.

他愈老,记忆力就愈差。

(1)为副词子句。此处的 The 是副词连接词,引导副词子句,The 不具任何意义,故不必译出,但 The 亦兼副词,修饰其后的比较级形容词 older

(2)为主要子句。此处的 the 则是副词,亦不

具任何意义,修饰其后的比较级形容词 weaker





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比较句构