Tales of the Brothers Grimm(b)|大人小孩都爱的格林童话

  The Brothers Grimm are responsible for turning folk tales into timeless classics. Walt Disney enjoyed their stories so much that he transformed them into animated movies. In fact, Disney's first full-length animated movie was one of the Grimms' most popular stories, Snow White. This tale is about a girl who is kicked out of her royal home by her evil stepmother. Snow White then takes shelter with seven dwarves in the forest until the evil stepmother casts a spell that puts her into a deep sleep.


  In Hansel and Gretel, the Brothers Grimm tell of a brother and sister who get lost in the woods. They find a house made of candy and are invited inside by an old woman. However, once inside, the old woman turns into a witch and tries to eat them. Another tale that was adored by Disney as well as children is Cinderella. In it, a girl becomes a slave in her own home after her father dies. The mean stepmother and her terrible daughters don't allow Cinderella to do anything fun, especially attend the ball where all single women in the village are invited. Even so, thanks to her fairy godmother and some magic, Cinderella sneaks into the ball and steals a prince's heart.


  The Brothers Grimm were not the only ones documenting fairy tales, but their enchanting stories have stood the test of time. They will always hold a special place in the hearts of people young and old alike.


     1.     What is the article mainly about?

(A) The literary achievements and stories of two brothers.

(B) The history of the famous Grimm family.

(C) Fairy tales and how they have changed over the ages.

(D) The struggles of the Brothers Grimm and the world they lived in.


     2.     Which historical event helped increase the brothers' interest in folklore?

(A) The start of World War I.

(B) The Romantic Movement that spread across Europe.

(C) Germany becoming its own country and establishing a language.

(D) The crowning of the King of Germany in 1830.


     3.     Which is NOT an achievement of the Brothers Grimm?

(A) Publishing Children's and Household Tales.

(B) Establishing the Grimm Law about the German language.

(C) Creating a new style of speaking German that became popular with the upper class.

(D) Creating an extremely detailed dictionary of their native language.


     4.     Which fairy tale revolves around a girl sneaking into a party at a palace?

(A) Old German Forests.

(B) Snow White.

(C) Hansel and Gretel.

(D) Cinderella.


  格林兄弟对于将民间故事转变为不朽的经典有很大的功劳。华特.迪斯尼很喜欢他们的故事,并因此将这些故事改编为动画片。事实上,迪斯尼第一部长篇动画片就是格林童话里其中一个最受欢迎的故事  《白雪公主》。这个故事是讲述有个女孩被她邪恶的后母给赶出了皇宫。后来白雪公主和 7 个小矮人在森林中找到了栖身之处,一直到邪恶的后母施魔法让白雪公主沉沉睡去。


  在《糖果屋》这个故事中,格林兄弟讲述一对兄妹在树林里迷了路。他们发现了一间由糖果盖成的房子,并受到一位老婆婆邀请入内。然而,他们一进到屋里,老婆婆就变成了巫婆,并想要吃掉他们。另一个让迪斯尼像个孩子一样喜爱的故事就是《灰姑娘》。在这个故事中,有个女孩在父亲过世后变成了自己家里的奴隶。坏心的后母和可怕的姊姊不让仙度瑞拉做任何趣事,尤其是去参加邀请所有村里单身女性的舞会。即便如此,好在有仙女教母施展了一些魔法,让仙度瑞拉溜进舞会并掳获了王子的心。


  格林兄弟并非唯一记录童话的人,但他们迷人的故事经得起时间的考验。这些故事不论在大人小孩心中都将永远占有特殊的地位。


答案: 1.   A   2.   B   3.   C   4.   D

 

  童话是一种小说题材的文学作品,通常是写给小孩子看的,文字通俗,像儿童说话一样。一般童话里有很多超自然人物,像会说话的动物、精灵、仙子、巨人、巫婆等。在现代西方文学的写作方法中,『童话故事的结局』通常指的也是快乐的结局,就像大多数童话故事中公主和王子一般。


  在许多文化中,恶魔与巫婆等常被认为是存在于真实世界中的,这时童话就可能变成传奇,如此一来说故事和听故事的人也会更觉得故事是一段史实。


  早期『童话』的听众群除了儿童外还包括成人,后来,随着格林兄弟所搜集整理的《儿童与家庭故事集》以及其他一些作家作品的出现,童话这一文体正式与儿童相联,且之后这种关联性日渐加深。

(数据源:维基百科)







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Tales of the Brothers Grimm(b)|大人小孩都爱的格林童话